Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Primate Lip-Smacks Similar To Human Speech

This is a gelada, a close relative of the baboon. But it's not a baboon, nor is it an ape. It rests in a genus (Theropithecus) by itself; the rest of the genus is extinct.

A study this week in Current Biology is reporting that the sounds the geladas make, which are eerily similar to human sounds, may be a "plausible evolutionary step towards speech."

Here's a sample video provided by the researchers.

A better audio is on the BBC's site, Primate Call Gives Clues To Human Speech Origins, midway down the page.

From their press release:
"Lip smacking, a common primate facial gesture used in friendly interactions, involves rapid opening and closing of mouth parts in a speech-like fashion. However, geladas are unique because they simultaneously vocalize while lip smacking to produce a sound that has been called a "wobble."

The gelada wobbles have a rhythm that closely matches the pacing of syllables spoken by humans.

The wobble is used primarily by males and always in a friendly context.

Some other primates such as apes and monkeys produce complex sounds, but they don't have the speech-like rhythm that geladas have."
The BBC says the wobble sound is like a cross between a yodel and a baby's gurgle. It reminds me of someone saying "Yeah, yeah, yeah" real fast in response to something you said. It's the gelada version of "I know, I know, I know."

From PBS:
"What's incredible about Thore's study is that he showed that under certain circumstances [geladas] combine rhythmic facial expression and vocal chord movement," said Asif Ghazanfar, an assistant professor at Princeton University who also studies the biology of primate communication.

The really interesting question, said Ghazanfar, is why is it only seen in geladas? "What is the change in circuitry that allows them to coordinate facial expressions and vocal expressions? What is it about geladas that allows them to do that?"
Vocal prowess isn't the geladas' only unique feature. They also travel in large groups, several hundred strong, "an order of magnitude larger than even the largest baboon groups," according to Bergman. Wobbling and other verbal exchanges may be employed as a method of bonding "in a similar way to how humans might use small talk." And both male and female possess a red patch of skin on their chests, "something that no other primate has," lending them the name "bleeding hearts."


Bix said...

This video:

Says, "They're vegetarians, and spend all day sitting on their asses."

About their red chests she says, "It's not much use having a red arse like other monkeys if you're always sitting on it."

In the video are trees which she says are actually St. John's wort, just larger.

Angela and Melinda said...

bwahahahahahaha! Great post, funny comment, and fascinating. Handsome guys.