1 ¾ cup all purpose flour
¾ tsp. instant yeast
1 tsp. salt
¾ cup water
2 tbsp. olive oil
1 cup tomato sauce
1 tbsp. olive oil
1 clove garlic
1 cup (or more) grated cheese (any combination of):
¼ cup grated parmesan reggiano or locatelli
1 tsp. oregano
dash salt (optional)
dash pepper (optional)
Makes one 15-inch pizza, about 8 servings
One serving provides 4.6 mg. lycopene
1 Stir flour, yeast, and salt together in a large bowl. Add oil to water. Create a well in the flour mixture. Stir the oil and water together and continue stirring as you pour it into the well in the flour. Mix briefly to make a wet dough.
Note: High-protein or bread flours will produce a stronger gluten structure that makes the dough difficult to roll into a thin layer and results in a tougher, overly chewy crust. Regular all-purpose flour works best for me in this recipe.
Either instant or active dry yeast can be used. Instant yeast does not need to be proofed (dissolved in warm water until it foams) before use. Since it is more potent than active dry, less is usually needed.
If you do not continue to stir the liquid ingredients as you pour, the oil will coalesce at the top of the water and will be difficult to distribute evenly as you mix the dough.
2 Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and a kitchen towel and let sit for 20 minutes.
Note: This rest period is known as an autolyse. During autolyse the flour absorbs moisture and begins the gluten-forming process, both of which will make the dough less sticky during kneading. Since this recipe results in a wet dough, the autolyse period is essential to prevent the addition of too much flour.
3 Scoop dough onto a clean, dry surface. Dust top of dough with flour. Using a pastry scraper or rubber spatula, turn dough over and dust with flour again. Fold dough over onto itself a few times, dusting with flour as it becomes too sticky to handle. (It will be very sticky.) Don't knead this dough - it will develop the gluten too much and be difficult to roll out. Transfer to a large bowl, cover with plastic wrap, and place in an undisturbed area away from drafts. Let rise until doubled in size, about an hour at 72°F. Gently deflate, cover with plastic wrap, and let rise for another hour. (It's very forgiving, you can forget about it for 4 or 5 hours and it still bounces back in the oven.)
Note: The dough will be very wet and difficult to handle. Don't be tempted to add too much flour to improve handleability. The wetter the dough, the lighter and crispier the crust.
To deflate, slide a spatula or spoon around the edges of the dough. Avoid poking or cutting.
4 Place baking stone or tiles onto bottom shelf of oven and preheat to 500° F for at least one hour. (This recipe is designed to be cooked directly on a stone, without a pan.)
5 Gently deflate dough and scoop out onto the center of a piece of parchment paper at least 15 inches wide. The dough should feel wet and tacky. Lay two sheets of plastic wrap over the dough, enough to cover the entire 15-inch area.
Note: Use a piece of parchment 15 inches wide by about 30 inches long. The extra room will give you more leeway when rolling. Since plastic wrap usually comes in 12 inch rolls, you will need two 30 inch sheets. Lay one sheet over half the dough, cover the remaining half with the other sheet. See below.
6 Roll dough through plastic wrap into a 15-inch circle, 1/8 inch thick. (Alter the size of your rolled dough if your baking stone cannot accomodate a 15 inch round.) Allow the dough to rest under the plastic undisturbed for 30-60 minutes. While the dough is resting, assemble topping ingredients.
Note: If your tomato sauce has chunks of tomato or other vegetable, I recommend blending or pureeing the sauce. It will be easier to spread.
Combine the garlic and olive oil together apart from the tomato sauce. This may be blended into the tomato sauce before spreading, or drizzled over the pizza after the cheese is added. (Or even after it's cooked.)
7 Slide a peel or paddle at least the size of your pizza dough under the parchment paper holding the pizza. Gently peel away the plastic wrap. Spoon tomato sauce over dough. Distribute grated cheeses over tomato sauce. (Here's where I add other toppings: diced onions, chopped (cooked) greens like rapini, kale, or spinach, etc.) Sprinkle oregano, salt, and pepper over cheese.
Note: Since you're using parchment paper, the peel does not need to be floured. The pizza cooks directly on the parchment.
8 Slide pizza with parchment paper onto preheated oven stone. Reduce temperature to 480° F about halfway through cooking. Total cook time is about 12 minutes or until cheese bubbles and begins to brown. Remove pizza and parchment with peel and place onto an inverted pizza pan or other surface that can withstand cutting. May be sliced using a pizza wheel or knife. The crust on this pizza is crunchy, not soft.
Update: Here's a photo with some broccoli rabe (rapini) as a topping. Almost 5 years later, I'm still making it.