|These are my marinated strawberries to which I added a few teaspoons of |
sugar, some cinnamon, and a splash of red wine.
If sugar makes people fat, why did this study...
Dietary Composition And Fat To Sugar Ratios In Relation To Obesity, International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, December 1994
... find that the more sugar people ate, the less they weighed. This was a large sampling and it broke intake into 5 categories, not just "high" and "low." It found a dose-response relationship among these categories. As sugar intake increased, obesity decreased. Such a trend adds validity to the finding.
"The aim of this work was to investigate the relationship between dietary composition and prevalent overweight and obesity in a middle-aged Scottish population. ... The subjects were 11,626 men and women aged 25-64 who participated in the baseline Scottish Heart Health and MONICA studies.My opinion - you have to look at the whole diet. Dietary fat is an integral player. In this study, as participants' sugar intake went up, their relative fat intake went down, as did their weight. As their fat intake went up, their relative sugar intake went down ... and their weight went up.
The following were measured: (1) the prevalence of overweight (BMI 25-28.6 for women and 25-30 for men) and obesity (BMI > 28.6 for women, and > 30 for men) according to intake fifths of carbohydrates (starch, total, extrinsic, intrinsic and milk sugars) and fat to carbohydrate ratios; (2) the percentage of the variance in BMI explained by multivariate analysis models which included each of the sugar variables and total energy intake.
The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Scottish population were 43 and 11% for men and 38 and 14% for women respectively. Their prevalence increased from the lowest to the highest fifth of Fat:ES intake, respectively for men and women, from 5 to 18.5% and from 13 to 26%. The prevalence of overweight and obesity declined from the lowest to the highest fifth of total carbohydrate."
This is exactly what we saw in the Cuban study. When Cubans entered their Special Period in the early 1990s, they lost weight. Their diet had become very low in fat (13%) and high in carbohydrate (77%); focusing heavily on sugar and rice.
I think the reason recent studies are finding sugar problematic is because they are studing it against a backdrop of high fat intake (20% and greater).
I also think it's unwise to assume sugar is benign and consume it ad libitum if fat intake remains high. The Cuban fat intake of 13% was low; it was Pritikin/Ornish/Esselstyn territory. You can't get there by eating much if any animal food, or much if any added oil. The macronutrient ratios of the Cubans resembled that which the long-lived Okinawans ate ... high in carbohydrate, low in fat.
Sugar And Diabetes, Part II
Sugar And Diabetes
Is Sugar All That Bad?