Below are the 2008 survey results from the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA). (You can click the chart excerpt to the right to see all 50 states.)
Press Release (doc)
According to NASDA, of the 50 states surveyed:
- 29 states authorize the legal sale of raw milk, in some specified manner.
- 21 states prohibit the sale of raw milk to consumers.
Arizona (2) (100)
Arkansas (Goat only, 21 goat dairies) (1050 goats)
California (2) (100)
Colorado (Shares only, 26 shares) (1300)
Connecticut (16) (800)
Idaho (0) (0)
Illinois (?) (189)
Kansas (?) (50)
Kentucky (0) (0)
Maine (18) (809)
Massachusetts (23) (70)
Minnesota (0) (0)
Mississippi (Goat only) (?) (50)
Missouri (0) (0)
Nebraska (15) (180)
Nevada (?) (50)
New Hampshire (8) (100)
New Mexico (1) (50)
New York (21) (1050)
Oklahoma (1) (50)
Oregon (0) (0)
Pennsylvania (87) (2322)
Rhode Island (0) (0)
South Carolina (14) (700)
South Dakota (0) (0)
Texas (20) (1000)
Utah (4) (16)
Vermont (?) (2452)
Washington (22) (1100)
Wisconsin (0) (0)
That worked out to 13,588 raw milk cows and goats in the US in 2008. (That compares to 9,266,574 total milk cows in 2007, mostly factory farmed.)
If you can milk 2000 gallons per cow (and I'll assume, conservatively, goat) per year, that works out to 2000 x 13,588 = 27,176,000 gallons raw milk in 2008.
If a person consumed the equivalent of 1 gallon of raw milk in milk/kefir/buttermilk/yogurt/cheese/cream/butter in a week, that's 52 gallons/person/year. About 522,615 people would have consumed the 27,176,000 gallons in the year 2008.
If the US population in 2008 was 301,621,157, that means that only 0.17% of the US population consumed raw milk in 2008.
These are very rough numbers. It's difficult to account for what people do with their own milk-producing animals. Even if I'm off by a factor of ten, 10 x 0.17% is still less than 2% of the entire US population. The raw milk community in this country is very small indeed.
* Note: My estimate for the number of raw milk animals: I assumed 50 animals per raw milk producer, but not more than 20% of organic milk cows for that state, assuming the rest goes to commercial pasteurized organic sales. The USDA lists organic milk cows per state.1 If number of producers was unknown, I used 20% of organic milk cows for that state. If number of producers was unknown and number of organic milk cows was unknown, I used 50.
I used Google Docs' free spreadsheet application to run some of these numbers. I cut and paste from the linked Microsoft Excel spreadsheets and inserted my own formulas. It was all compatible. Have to say, Google impressed me again.