It was a Bill that originated in the House of Representatives:
HR 6636, 110th Congress
Genetically Engineered Food Right to Know Act
It mandates labels for genetically engineered food:
"To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Federal Meat Inspection Act, and the Poultry Products Inspection Act to require that food that contains a genetically engineered material, or that is produced with a genetically engineered material, be labeled accordingly."It was introduced by former presidential candidate Dennis Kucinich, and was supported by 11 other members of Congress:
Rep Kucinich, Dennis J. (OH-10] - 7/29/2008
Rep DeFazio, Peter A. [OR-4] - 7/29/2008
Rep Frank, Barney [MA-4] - 9/25/2008
Rep Grijalva, Raul M. [AZ-7] - 7/29/2008
Rep Hinchey, Maurice D. [NY-22] - 7/29/2008
Rep Lee, Barbara [CA-9] - 7/29/2008
Rep McDermott, Jim [WA-7] - 7/29/2008
Rep Sanchez, Linda T. [CA-39] - 7/29/2008
Rep Schakowsky, Janice D. [IL-9] - 7/29/2008
Rep Shays, Christopher [CT-4] - 7/29/2008
Rep Stark, Fortney Pete [CA-13] - 7/29/2008
Rep Woolsey, Lynn C. [CA-6] - 9/10/2008
Here's the full text of the bill.
Here's a part I found interesting. Congress gave the following justification for the labeling of foods made from genetically engineered ingredients:
The Congress finds as follows:All of the arguments I've heard used in defense of labeling are tightly summarized, right here, in a Bill written by Congress and endorsed by several of its members. Health risks, environmental risks, ethical decisions, post-market surveillance, international trade markets - it's all here. I want to be a Senator or Representative and I want to reintroduce this Bill to the new 111th Congress. I want to do that.
(1) The process of genetically engineering foods results in the material change of such foods.
(2) The Congress has previously required that all foods bear labels that reveal material facts to consumers.
(3) Federal agencies have failed to uphold Congressional intent by allowing genetically engineered foods to be marketed, sold and otherwise used without labeling that reveals material facts to the public.
(4) Consumers wish to know whether the food they purchase and consume contains or is produced with a genetically engineered material for a variety of reasons, including the potential transfer of allergens into food and other health risks, concerns about potential environmental risks associated with the genetic engineering of crops, and religiously and ethically based dietary restrictions.
(5) Consumers have a right to know whether the food they purchase contains or was produced with genetically engineered material.
(6) Labels voluntarily placed on foods are insufficient to provide consumers with adequate information on whether or not all the food they are purchasing contains or was produced with genetically engineered material.
(7) Mandatory labeling provides a critical scientific method necessary for the continual postmarket surveillance to study long-term health impacts and enforcement of food safety laws preventing adulterated foods from reaching consumers.
(8) Many of the United States’ key trading partners, including countries in the European Union, Japan, and the People’s Republic of China, have established, or are in the process of implementing, mandatory labeling requirements for genetically engineered food.
(9) Adoption and implementation of mandatory labeling requirements for genetically engineered food produced in the United States would facilitate international trade by allowing American farmers and companies to export and appropriately market their products--both genetically engineered and non-genetically engineered--to foreign customers.